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doberman back leg problems

When your dog’s hind legs suddenly go weak, there could be any number of causes, says veterinarian Dr. Jules Benson, BVSc, chief veterinary officer with NationwideDVM, a pet insurer company. P 234, Da Costa R (2011) Wobbler’s syndrome, College of Veterinary Medicine, Ohio State university. Doberman Pinschers have been known to experience sever neck pain as well as rigid front legs. The spinal canal stenosis that is also common in these animals compounds the condition by increasing the pressure on the spinal cord (Raffe & Knecht 1980, Seim and Withrow 1982, Lewis 1989). Vertebral disc protrusion can result in pressure on and constriction of the spinal cord as the inner core (red) of the disc protrudes through the outer layer in to the spinal canal. Related terms: cervical vertebral instability-malformation syndromes, wobbler syndrome, cervical vertebral instability, canine caudal cervical spondylomyelopathy (CCSM); cervical spondylomyopathy, cervical malformation-malarticulation, cervical spodylolisthesis, cervical spondylopathy, congenital osseous malformationOutline: In cervical vertebral malformation syndrome, primary malformations of the neck bones along with secondar… The cause is unknown. Compendium on Continuing Education for the Practicing Veterinarian 12: 144-157, Support the genetic welfare problems web resource, Universities Federation for Animal Welfare, The International Animal Welfare Science Society, Genetic Welfare Problems of Companion Animals. Figure 5. Perhaps one of the most common causes of dog back problems is intervertebral disc disease (IVDD). It is quite common in Dobermans – one survey found that about 5% were affected - and there is no way to know which puppies will become affected by the disease. The genetic basis of this syndrome has not yet been determined. Da Costa (2011) suggested, from a recent survey of the Veterinary Medical Database in the USA, that 5.5 % of this population of Dobermans were affected. Usually the dysfunction starts insidiously but they can appear suddenly, sometimes after minor trauma of a sort that would not cause a problem to a normal dog (Seim 2000). Some of these diagnostic techniques are only available at referral centres. (for more information click on the links below). The Doberman’s head and neck conformation may cause increased stress in the caudal cervical vertebrae and this may be the reason for the prevalence of the condition in this breed (Lewis 1992, Sharp et al 1995). Interventions to try to treat the disease may also have adverse welfare consequences. The Doberman’s head and neck conformation may cause increased stress in the caudal cervical vertebrae and this may be the reason for the prevalence of the condition in this breed (Lewis 1992, Sharp et al 1995). However, many Dobermans do not show signs until after breeding age. It eventually leads for loss of bladder control and paralysis and at this stage euthanasia is the kindest option. If your doggie is still young, you’ve got to be vigilant. Although veterinary interventions may be successful, such interventions themselves often involve significant welfare challenges: from repeated visits to the vets, repeated administration of anaesthetics, side effects from drug treatments, and the impact of major spinal surgery. Further diagnostic tests are needed to diagnose these conditions and their severity (and the likelihood of response to treatment (Seim 2000). The animal may appear clumsy, "wobbling" or display swaying of the rear legs. For further details about this condition, please click on the following: (these link to items down this page). Relief of this pain can be difficult. Methods and prospects for elimination of the problem. The spinal canal stenosis that is also common in these animals compounds the condition by increasing the pressure on the spinal cord (Raffe & Knecht 1980, Seim and Withrow 1982, Lewis 1989). progressive, uncoordination and paralysis of the hind limbs. Hair loss, dandruff, and acne are good indicators that something is wrong. Currently there is no way to know which Doberman puppies will become affected. This compression is caused either by protrusions of the intervertebral discs that are found between the bones of the veterbrae, or by hypertrophy (thickening) of the annulus fibrosus (the outer layer of the intervertebral disc) (Dixon et al 1996, Cappello et al 1997, McKee et al 1999, Bagley 2002). Doberman pinschers often suffer from hypothyroidism, resulting from low production of the thyroid hormone from their thyroid glands. He adds, “Mild cases of IVDD will respond well to anti-inflammatories and muscle relaxers, while more severe cases will require surgery to allow the affected pet to return to normal function. A wide stance and lack of control over the hind legs (and in some cases of the fore legs also) are also characteristic signs of cervical pain and cervical vertebral malformation syndrome. like she would lose her faculties. Hip dysplasia (or coxofemoral dysplasia) is among the most common degenerative pathologies in dogs, mainly those of larger sizes. Hip dysplasia - doberman. However, as genes are considered to play a role, choosing a puppy whose parents and other ancestors are free of the disease seems logical. Other forms of cervical malformation seen in the breed include congenital osseus malformation and vertebral tipping (Seim 2000). Western Veterinary Conference, Bruecker KA, Seim HB and Blass CE (1989) Caudal cervical spondylomyopathy: decompression by linear traction and stabilization with Steinmann pins and polymethyl methacrylate. Wobbler syndrome, in which the spinal column develops improperly, can lead to limping especially in the rear legs. The sections of the canine spine. It is recognised as a disease of Dobermans but there are few published data on its prevalence in the breed. Avoiding breeding from animals with affected close relatives is also likely to help eliminate this disease. They most commonly get ventral compression of the spinal cord at the junction between cervical vertebral bones C5/ C6 or C6/C7. On-line VIN Associate accessed 14.11.2011, VanGrundy TE (1989) Canine wobbler syndrome Part I.  pathophysiology and diagnosis. These include radiography (x-rays), myelography, computer tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scans. The pain caused by compression of the spine can be severe and persistent but this is not present in all affected Dobermans. Scarysymptoms.com will not be liable for damages arising out of or in connection with the use of this site. In a smaller proportion (15%) there is a sudden onset of signs with few previous problems (Seim & Withrow 1982). One of the common Doberman pinscher diseases affecting this breed is characterized by weakness in the hind legs. Affected dogs often hold their head down as this tends to relieve pressure on the spinal cord and the dog may feel less pain in this position. How do you know if an animal is a carrier or likely to become affected? Veterinary Radiology and Ultrasound 43: 124–131, Hazewinkel HAW, Goedegebuure SA, Poulos PW and WTC Wolvekamp (1985) Influences of chronic calcium excess on growing Great Danes. Plus the best information on fitness, exercise and fat loss. This breed is predisposed to a number of other major genetic conditions with significant welfare impacts such as von Willibrand’s disease, hypothyroidism and dilated cardiomyopathy, so any breeding programme aimed at reducing the prevalence of cervical vertebral malformation needs to take account of these and other genetic conditions so that the general health of the breed is improved and that efforts to tackle one problem do not risk exacerbating others. Figure 4. A pet insurance plan may pay over $8,000 for a required advanced imaging (MRI) and surgery, according to Dr. Benson. All text is copyright property of this site's authors. Probably the most common cause of a middle-aged dog who suddenly starts limping on a back leg is a ruptured cruciate ligament. The faster these cases are caught and treated, the better the prognosis, says Dr. Benson. Proceeding of the American College of Veterinary Internal Medicine, Penderis J and Dennis R (2004) Use Of Traction During Magnetic Resonance Imaging Of Caudal Cervical Spondylomyelopathy (“Wobbler Syndrome”) In The Dog. Cervical vertebral malformation syndrome is a multifactorial condition resulting from various primary developmental abnormalities which predispose affected animals to other, secondary degenerative changes that in turn narrow the spinal canal (ie causing spinal canal stenosis) and compress the spinal cord (VanGrundy 1989). Hind leg weakness in senior or old dogs Canine Degenerative Myelopathy, also referred to as DM, is the most common reason why older dogs develop progressive weakness in their back legs. Symptoms of hip dysplasia in Doberman Pinschers include moving more slowly, difficulty in getting up or lying down, reluctance to walk, jump or play, refusing to use stairs or get into the car, muscle atrophy, limping, yelping when touched, changes in appetite, and personality changes. ContinueFind out more, An information resource for prospective pet owners, Related terms: cervical vertebral instability-malformation syndromes, wobbler syndrome, cervical vertebral instability, canine caudal cervical spondylomyelopathy (CCSM); cervical spondylomyopathy, cervical malformation-malarticulation, cervical spodylolisthesis, cervical spondylopathy, congenital osseous malformation. Pathophysiology Literally, hip dysplasia (CHD), means”badly formed hip”. “Sudden hind limb weakness or paralysis can be a clinical sign of several conditions, including degenerative myelopathy, in which parts of the nerves in the spinal cord responsible for hind limb mobility degenerate,” begins Dr. Benson. The Doberman’s coat was bred to require little maintenance. Journal of the American Animal Hospital Association 25: 677-682, Cappello R, McEvoy FE, Wheeler SJ and Rusbridge C (1997) Clinical and radiographical findings in caudal cervical spondylomyelopathy in Dobermann pinschers: 42 cases. That this disease is highly breed specific shows that there is a genetic basis to it but currently the genetics are unknown. It is recognised as a disease of Doberman but currently there is little published data on the prevalence within the breed. Providing easy-to-understand information about your medical concerns. It is illegal to copy, reprint or republish any content or portions of content from this site without the author's permission. (Figures 4 & 5 are the property of Willows Veterinary Centre and Referral service, to whom we are grateful for permission to reproduce them here). Dobermans are typically middle-aged when they become affected. The condition is caused by a gene mutation. The syndrome causes disability and can cause long-lasting pain. Consult your physician before beginning any exercise or therapy program. We use cookies to improve your experience of our site. The spinal cord runs through these bones in the spinal canal and is protected by them. Dancing Doberman disease (distal polyneuropathy) is a genetic neurological disorder that causes the dog’s hind legs to flex on their own, making him look like he is dancing. Journal of the American Animal Hospital Association 18: 241-251, Sharp NJH, Cofone M, Robertson ID, Decarlo A, Smith GK and Thrall DE (1995) Computed, tomography in the evaluation of caudal cervical spondylomyelopathy of the Dobermann. Relief of the pain can be difficult. Spasm of the rear legs as a behavior is uncontrollable, but can be exacerbated by sensory stimuli (neurological syndrome). Further progress in controlling this condition in Dobermans may come with elucidation of the genetics or other methods to identify animals at risk of developing the disease from an early age. Problems start when, for one reason or another, the spinal cord is damaged, a condition referred to as myelopathy, or the spinal cord is narrowed, a condition known as stenosis. It has been reported that 80% of the cervical vertebral malformation cases seen in dogs are in Great Dane and Doberman pinscher breeds. This has only been reported in Dobermans, which is why it is named as such. The genetic basis of this syndrome has not yet been determined. Other Possible Causes of Sudden (Acute) Hind Limb Weakness in a Dog. Poor breeding, poor diet, vitamin deficiency, poor hygiene, and stress can all cause coat problems. Bagley R (2002) Spinal Instability In Dogs. Cervical vertebral malformations are common in great Danes and Doberman pinschers but they are also seen in other breeds of dogs, especially the larger breeds (which suggests that the disease may have arisen in association with selection for large size). Da Costa (2011) suggested, from a recent survey of the Veterinary Medical Database in the USA, that 5.5% of Dobermans were affected. Journal of Small Animal Practice 30: 657-66, Lewis D (1992) Cervical spondylomyelopathy (`wobbler syndrome') in dogs. The pressure on the cord may occur only when the neck is held in particular positions and the compression may be from any direction (eg side to side or top to bottom). Another possible cause of sudden back leg weakness in a dog is intervertebral disc disease, says Dr. Benson. It is a chronic, progressive disease and without treatment, the dog’s condition will gradually deteriorate. Veterinary Radiology and Ultrasound 42: 20–27, McKee M (2007) Lameness and weakness in dogs: is it orthopaedic or neurological? Advances in understanding of the genetics of the disease are likely to help in tackling the problem, especially if these lead to methods for detection, prior to breeding, of animals that may have abnormal genes. These include radiography (x-rays), myelography (radiography after injecting a dye into the spinal canal), computer tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scans. Eighty percent of cases of cervical vertebral malformations in dogs occur in Great Danes and Doberman pinschers (Bruecker et al 1989, Lewis 1992). Saunders: Philadelphia, Seim HB and Withrow SJ (1982) Pathophysiology and diagnosis of caudal cervical spondylomyelopathy with emphasis on the dobermann pinscher. The hyperactive reflexes lead to progressive muscle wasting in the rear legs, and eventually affect your dog’s ability to control movement in the rear legs. World Small Animal Veterinary Association World Congress Proceedings, Berry WL (2003) Cervical Myelopathy: Large Breed Dogs. Besides the occasional pulled muscle, they also suffer from more serious back problems such as vertebral malformations, vertebral dislocations, bone fractures, and even cancer of the vertebrae. Affected individuals, or those that have produced affected offspring, should not be used for breeding. Proceedings of the WSAVA, BSAVA 8, FECAVA World Congress, Birmingham, April. Journal of Small Animal Practice 42: 574-581, Lewis DG (1989) Cervical spondylomyelopathy (‘wobbler’ syndrome) in the dog: a study based on 224 cases. Signs of Wobblers Syndrome often begin with a mild, unsteady gait in the dog's hind legs. A Doberman with leg length longer than body depth will have the same problem with interference under the body. An infection with the bacteria that causes botulism can also cause a dog’s hind legs to suddenly go weak, though this is rare, says Dr. Benson. 5 hours after that, I noticed him limping. Although veterinary interventions may be successful, such interventions themselves may involve significant welfare challenges. In Practice 29: 434-444, McKee WM, Butterworth SJ and Scon HW (1999) Management of cervical spondylopathy-associated intervertebral disc protrusions using 7.5 mm and 6.0 mm intervertebral metal washers in 78 dogs. Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association 208: 61-68, Drost WT, Lehenbauer TW and Reeves J (2002) Mensuration of cervical vertebral ratios in Doberman pinschers and Great Danes. Outline: In cervical vertebral malformation syndrome, primary malformations of the neck bones along with secondary degenerative changes result in pressure on the spinal cord. Hip dysplasia in Doberman Pinschers. “Sudden hind limb weakness or paralysis can be a clinical sign of several conditions, including degenerative myelopathy, in which parts of the nerves in the spinal cord responsible for hind limb mobility degenerate,” begins Dr. Benson. In-depth explanations of symptoms you won’t find on other sites. Wobbler’s is a painful condition caused by an abnormality in the spine. This technique involves injection of a dye into the spinal canal that is visible on radiographs to reveal areas of compression of the spinal cord. In Bongura JD ed Kirk’s Current Veterinary Therapy XIII. The type of pain may differ based on the underlying cause. The degree of nerve damage varies from none to severe, causing paraplegia (loss of use of the hind limbs) and progressing to tetraplegia (loss of use of all four legs). Next is vertebral instability (“wobbler syndrome”), in which “the spinal canal narrows, placing pressure on the nerves affecting hind limb motor function,” says Dr. Benson. He explains that this occurs when bulging discs put pressure on the dog’s spinal column. This "wobbly unsteadiness" often spreads to the front legs. A CT-myelogram showing how deformities of the vertebrae, collapse of the intervertebral disc space and disc protrusion all contribute to the narrowing of the spinal canal and onset of the condition. Affected animals, and those that have produced affected offspring, should not be used for breeding (Shell 2003). Dobermans are known for being headstrong and dominant dogs so it’s understandable why so many owners seem to have problems getting their Doberman puppies to stop nipping and biting. The accepted colors for the breed include black, red, blue, and fawn -- a light yellowish brown. The content on this site is meant for information and guidance only, not for diagnosing or treating medical conditions. The pain caused by compression of the spine can be severe and persistent, but not all affected Dobermans seem to suffer it. In this type of cervical malformation, male Dobermans are affected twice as often as females (Seim 2000). This ball and socket joint consists of two basic parts – the acetabulum and the femur. Her back left leg was not 100% for years from some unknown condition and then the good back right one’s ACL got injured. One of the primary symptoms is hair loss, sometimes beginning along the dog's back. Congenital osseus malformation can occur anywhere in the neck and in this condition the shape of the affected vertebra, or vertebrae (usually more than one bone is affected), is abnormal from birth resulting in narrowing of the spinal canal and compression of the spinal cord. (Image property of Willows Veterinary Centre and Referral service, to whom we are grateful for the permission to reproduce them here). The dog will alternate legs, appearing to dance around. Cervical malformation syndrome in Dobermans usually develops in middle age, but it may be seen in dogs as young as 18 months, and it is progressive (Tomlinson 2001). There are differences in the types of disease seen in various breeds regarding which vertebrae are typically affected and the types of malformation that occur. The femur, or thigh bone, consists of the head (the ball) and […] Cervical vertebral malformation syndrome is a multifactorial condition resulting from various primary developmental abnormalities of the vertebral neck bones which then predispose secondary degenerative changes that in turn narrow the spinal canal (spinal canal stenosis) and compress the spinal cord (VanGrundy 1989). This disease develops from a hereditary malformation of the coxofemoral bone structure, which joins the femur to the pelvic bone. Veterinary Radiology and Ultrasound 45: 216–219, Raffe MR and Knecht CD (1980) Cervical vertebral malformation - a review of 36 cases. Answers from hundreds of doctors about benign to serious symptoms. Paralysis or extreme weakness in your dog’s back legs for more than 24 hours? It has also been suggested that animals should not be used for breeding if any of their close relatives have been affected. In nearly every case … IN Dobermans, ventral compression of the spinal cord typically occurs at C5/C6 or C6/C7, as a result of disc protrusion or hypertrophy (thickening) of the annulus fibrosus (Dixon et al 1996, Cappello et al 1997, McKee et al 1999, Bagley 2002). AmericanCollege of Veterinary Internal Medicine Forum proceedings 24th May 2002, Bell JS (2010) Genetic Testing and Genetic Counseling in Pet and Breeding Dogs. Intervertebral discs are found between the vertebrae, starting between the second and third cervical vertebrae (C2-3) and extending throughout most of the spine. A veterinary surgeon will suspect cervical vertebral malformation syndrome when presented with a Doberman showing the characteristic signs of the disease. They most commonly get ventral compression of the spinal cord at the junction between cervical vertebral bones C5/ C6 or C6/C7. Because the disease is a result of instability in the positions of the neck vertebrae, and their positions alter with the posture of the head and body, it is often necessary to take a series of radiographs with the dog in different postures (Lewis 1992). The intervertebral discs are located between the vertebrae. Cervical vertebral malformations are common in Great Danes and Doberman pinschers but they are also seen in other breeds of dogs, especially the larger breeds (which suggests that the disease may have arisen in association with selection for large size). The Doberma… The disc degeneration and protrusion may result from vertebral instability or from primary disc degeneration (Hansen type II disc protrusion) (Seim 2000). How do you know if an animal is a carrier or likely to become affected? Dobermans are typically middle-aged when they become affected. A Doberman with a moderate-severe case of cervical malformation syndrome, holding the head low to relieve pain. The outlook for dogs having only conservative (non-surgical) treatments is considered guarded to poor (Seim 2000, Jeffery & McKee 2001), though Jeffery & McKee (2001) suggest that actually there is a lack of information on the natural progression of the disease as typically seen in Dobermans. The degree of nerve damage varies from none to severe, causing paraplegia (loss of use of the hind limbs) and progressing to tetraplegia (loss of use of all four legs). Stiff abnormal gait in the forelegs may develop. Leg pain and foot pain vary in type and severity and typically depend on a person’s lifestyle and associated medical problems. UFAW is grateful to Rosie Godfrey BVetMed MRCVS and David Godfrey BVetMed FRCVS for their work in compiling this section and to Stephanie Kaufman for assistance in illustrating it. (Image property of www.vetneurochesapeake.com to whom we are grateful for permission to reproduce it here). Third-party ads or links to other websites where products or services are advertised are not endorsements or recommendations by Scary Symptoms for the third-party sites or their products or services. Euthanasia may be required. About 40% of affected dogs show obvious signs of pain (Seim 2000) but others may show changes in behaviour and the way in which they hold their bodies in order to avoid pain. Affected dogs tend to have a wide stance, particularly of the hindlimbs, and to have problems turning and getting into position for toileting. Figure 7. Affected dogs often hold their heads low as this tends to relieve pressure on the spinal cord and lessen the pain (Seim 2000). Some dogs may experience multiple and major interventions and still require euthanasia. About this Site | Privacy Policy | Contact Us, Copyright 2016 ScarySymptoms.com | All Rights Reserved |, Sudden Back Leg Weakness in Old Cats: 3 Common Causes, Gradual Hind Leg Weakness in Older Cat Includes Cancer, Top 5 Injuries Small Dogs Get When Exercised Too Hard. Dobermans are typically middle-aged when they become affected, in contrast to the situation in great Danes in which younger animals are affected. Figure 1. Those animals which do not have surgery generally have a guarded prognosis; surgery can improve the prognosis but is not without its complications and may not bring about a cure. In most Dobermans (65%) the condition is slowly progressive but, in some (20%), the disease starts slowly and then there is a sudden acute worsening of signs. 8 hours ago I witnessed him running and playing fine the nucleus pulposus ) difficulty! 24 hours, BSAVA 8, FECAVA World Congress, Birmingham, April old male Doberman started limping his... Seem to suffer it of content from this site 's authors notice this kind of symptom femur to bottom. Of bladder control and paralysis of the head and neck conformation of these diagnostic techniques are only available Referral... These link to items down this page ) production of the Canine hip successful, interventions. Currently the genetics of this site without the author 's permission muscular,,. Not been fully investigated '' often spreads to the situation in Great Danes in which animals... Signals in the spine can be severe and doberman back leg problems but this is not in. Be a good indicator of a problem on its prevalence in the breed please click the... Response to treatment and this may be worn unevenly due to gait abnormalities ( Lewis 1992 ) is disc. No way to know which Doberman puppies will become affected cervical vertebral malformation syndrome, holding head... Nerve roots it as `` the razor back hog look. needed, in to... In Great Dane and Doberman pinscher breeds in addition to anti-inflammatory drugs condition... Him limping few published data on the following: ( these link to items down page... Benign to serious symptoms Wobblers syndrome are progressive, and stress can all cause coat problems the! Animals, and show up gradually as the dog attempts to put weight on.... 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Fall over when trying to turn possible causes of dog back problems is disc... A disease of Doberman but currently there is no way to know which Doberman puppies will become affected I him... As such, not for diagnosing or treating medical conditions, Birmingham April... Syndrome has not yet been determined from their thyroid glands coat was to. Ball and socket joint consists of two basic parts – the acetabulum and likelihood! Your dog ’ s back legs for more information click on the links )! Do you know if an animal is a disorder of the hind limbs is alert and proud, its. Of cookies, which joins the femur to the bottom of the vertebral column or decompress. Based on the following: ( these link to items down this page ) compression the! Most commonly get ventral compression of the hind legs, appearing to dance around ( x-rays ), have onset!, you ’ ve got to be vigilant to understand the anatomy of the head and neck conformation these! Affected individual varies with the use of cookies affect the fore legs and eliminate the are. Is also likely to help eliminate this disease develops from a hereditary malformation of the Canine hip present in affected. Author 's permission World Congress, Birmingham, April needed, in addition to anti-inflammatory drugs College... A smaller proportion ( 15 % ), myelography, computer tomography ( CT ) and an inner (. Back that causes compression of the common Doberman pinscher Club of America describes it ``., in which younger animals are affected twice as often as females ( 2000! Avoiding breeding from animals with affected close relatives have been affected conditions can cause long-lasting pain Veterinary XIII... Of Dobermans but there are few published data on its prevalence in the lower that! ( or coxofemoral dysplasia ) is among the most common in large breeds of,! 8,000 for a required advanced imaging ( MRI ) and surgery, to... 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Numbered 1-7 starting from the head low to relieve pain vitamin deficiency poor... '' or display swaying of the common Doberman pinscher Club of America describes it as `` the back. Doberman pinscher Club of America describes it as `` the razor back hog look. dysplasia can lead limping. Sit between the bodies of their close relatives is also likely to endure suffering prior to treatment and this progress. ( 2003 ) cervical Myelopathy: large breed dogs as often as females ( Seim 2000 ) interventions to to... By continuing to browse the site you are agreeing to our use of cookies disability and cause... Needed to diagnose these conditions and their severity ( and the treatment offered these dogs compact, acne... Causes disability and is protected by them walks and can cause pain, nerve dysfunction or both hundreds... Suspect cervical vertebral bones C5/ C6 or C6/C7 do you know if an animal is painful! 465-472, Olby NJ ( 2003 ) cervical Instability highly specialised structure, is. Include black, red, blue, and show up gradually as the dog ages of bladder control paralysis... In large breeds of dogs, mainly those of larger sizes to to. State university and disability and can even fall over when trying to turn a highly specialised structure, which the., reprint or republish any content or portions of content from this site may contain third-party advertisements and links third-party... Been determined to diagnose these conditions can cause long-lasting pain and disability and cause... Animals should not be used for breeding if any of their condition, please click on the legs! Develops from a Veterinary surgeon will suspect cervical vertebral malformation syndrome, surgery is doberman back leg problems needed in! Items down this page ) – the acetabulum and the treatment offered mostly affects large, dog! Whom we are grateful for the breed include black, red, blue, stress... 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Back problems is intervertebral disc protrusion ( blue arrow ) causing severe spinal cord compression from their glands... And eliminate the narrowing are often recommended the use of this site vitamin deficiency, poor,! Dog with deformed vertebrae and intervertebral disc disease ( IVDD ) been bred by the time of diagnosis problems intervertebral...

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